Life is utterly precarious; and God has not put it within the power of all the creatures he has made to command one moment of what is future. [38]. And not speak evil of each other, James 4:11, James 4:12. Inherent in this is the fact of there still being a law that men must obey, the law of Christ. I asked him (says Saady) what voyage he intended to make. Resist the devil and he will flee from you ... Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. "James cannot be thinking of wars and fightings between nations. Ye adulteresses ... Like "kill" in the preceding verses, this word too must be understood in the spiritual sense of unfaithfulness to God. 2. James 4:9 Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness. Carson pointed out that "The verbs in these exhortations are in the aorist tense, indicating that these things are to be done `once for all,' as a settled thing for the soul. James' tone here is severe, speaking to "you sinners," and giving command after command (v7-10). Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord - In James 4:7; they were exhorted to submit to God; here they are exhorted to humble themselves in his sight. Scriptural Commentary (or Inspired Babbling) Sunday, December 15, 2013. "What is so circumscribed, or so short, as the longest life of man?" "Hold thou me up, and I shall be safe" (Psalms 119:117). This stern warning to the unregenerated is an appeal for them to consider the wretched and miserable state of the lost. The crass literalism sometimes adopted in viewing this chapter obscures the meaning completely, as Oesterley testified, "It must be confessed that these verses are very difficult to understand. [10] E. C. S. Gibson, Pulpit Commentary, Vol. God is in conflict with the world system 1. 4:11). Or think ye that the Scripture speaketh in vain? Here "world" refers to the fallen world system 2. James 4:4 - You adulteresses, do you not know that friendship with the world is hostility toward God? [5] William Barclay, The Letters of James and Peter, Revised (Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1976), p. 100. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye double minded. James, following in the example of Jesus in drawing illustrations from nature, illuminated his teaching with the metaphor of vapor, a fog or mist. Motives for Works: The Place of Works: Outward Demonstration of Inner Faith: Outreach of Works: Jas 1:1-18: Jas … Part of the reason for this is that James is like Proverbs in that many of its verses really stand alone in their content. The “therefore” here draws an inference from the previous verse where James challenges us to humble ourselves before God. To him therefore that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin. Nor is he saying that Christians should never engage their culture, or with … Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness. Some unsaved persons may indeed laugh; but let them recognize their separation from God, and their laughter will be replaced with weeping and mourning. Home » Bible Commentaries » James. Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. For that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that. The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 4 The Greeting (1:1) The book is addressed to Jewish believers scattered by persecution. Choose Verse. This, however, is not clear to me. See Macknight. There's not a word in that to the effect that the right attitude is all that matters; that is not all that matters, and it is highly important that Christians witness to their faith in Jesus Christ and to the sovereignty of God by saying, "If the Lord will," not in an irreverent and flippant manner, of course, but sincerely and truly. Be afflicted--literally, "Endure misery," that is, mourn over your wretchedness through sin. JAMES Faith for Living. Resist the devil - He cannot conquer you if you continue to resist. Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may spend it in your pleasures. "[11] The answer, of course, is in understanding the metaphor. Come, and hear what I have to say, ye that say, etc. The origin of wars and contentions, and the wretched lot of those who are engaged in them, James 4:1, James 4:2. James 4:4. The friendship of the world is enmity with God, James 4:4, James 4:5. They continued supper till midnight. Worse, anyone who continues to be friends with the world is living as God's enemy. All glorying ... is not evil, but "all such glorying." In view of its connection in this passage, James may have been using this well-known teaching of the Master as a synecdoche for obeying the gospel of Christ. "[36] It is truly amazing that hardly a line of this entire epistle may be found without this same connection. 4:17 Doing good in the present is required. But he giveth more grace. James 4:1-17. Jud. Here, in chapter 4, James says to these very readers that a worldly, unspiritual road is the very one they have been following. There can be little doubt that James was familiar with the New Testament theology of drawing near to God; and it is not amiss, therefore, to see a reflection of it in this verse. God promises to raise these from the dust, when sufficiently humbled. The father brought out wine for his guests that was seven years old, saying, With this wine will I continue for a long time to celebrate the birth of my new-born son. To which some standing by said, השם גוזר אם im gozer hashshem, 'If the Lord will.' Make the desire to please God your life’s principle driving force. That is why Scripture says: 'God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.' James now gives a series of ten commands based on how we humble ourselves (4:6). There is no need to equate "Lord" here with Jehovah of the Old Testament, despite the Old Testament term for it (without the article) being the one thus used in the LXX; because, by the time James wrote, and even much earlier, "Lord" had been almost universally adopted in Christianity as a designation of our Lord Jesus Christ, as witnessed by all of the Pauline writings, in fact, by the whole New Testament. The Sin of Partiality. The frustration and misery of the selfish, pleasure-craving soul are eloquently portrayed in this verse. In addition, it may be pointed out regarding the pursuit of pleasure that: (5) It cannot lead to satisfaction, requiring continually that both the amount and the intensity be increased, until finally the pleasure-mad soul is utterly miserable. Paul gloried in the churches (2 Thessalonians 1:4), in Christ, and in Christians (2 Corinthians 7:4). B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1967), p. 457. Scripture: James 4:13–16. Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! To which some standing by said, השם גוזר אם im gozer hashshem, 'If the Lord will.' Contact & Service Times. May 7, 2019. The law of Moses says that employers must be good to their workers. Ye lust, and have not - Ye are ever covetous, and ever poor. (4:4) No scripture corresponding to the quotation in verse 5 is found in the extant recognized “holy writings.” If the original reading of James 4:5 relates to the condition of sinful humans, possibly Genesis 8:21 may be regarded as expressing a similar thought (“the inclination of man’s heart is … This does not refer to a Christian who simply does something wrong, it is much more than that. JAMES 4 COMME TARY EDITED BY GLE PEASE Submit Yourselves to God 1 What causes fights and quarrels among you? It provides safety. St. James may have the Christians in view who were converted from Judaism to Christianity. "[40] It is this perfect consonance of James with everything else in the New Testament that goes far to establish the interpretation of this chapter as given here, especially with reference to James 4:7-10. James 4 commentary 1. What a strange view must he have of the nature of primitive Christianity, who can suppose that these words can possibly have been addressed to people professing the Gospel of Jesus Christ, who were few in number, without wealth or consequence, and were persecuted and oppressed both by their brethren the Jews and by the Romans! You murder and covet and cannot obtain. Isaiah 52-53 & Luke 2:10 – Christmas – Great Joy Foretold. James 4:4. - Who art thou who darest to usurp the office and prerogative of the supreme Judge? James wants to show that it is a bad mistake to plan our lives withoutGod. Or, it may be that James 4:5 speaks in two independent sentences, and that the words of Scripture quoted refer to what was said in James 4:4. The kind of wars and fightings just mentioned is precisely that of pleasures warring against the soul's true interests "in your members," meaning not "between members of the church" exclusively (though this is included), but within men themselves, individually. v11-12: Judgment belongs to the Lord, it is not our responsibility. God is opposed to the fallen and idolatrous desire of the world B. Whence come wars and whence come fightings among you? 4:2-3 "ask" Un-Christlike motives and lack of prayer are two reasons why Christians often experience unfruitful lives. It is not improbable that St. James refers to this case, as he uses the same phraseology. The Mosaic law's being abrogated could never mean that God's eternal principle of governing mankind through law was thereby repealed. Our Lord taught that the "riches and pleasures of this life choke out the word of God" (Luke 8:14); and James dealt with both, pleasures here, and riches at the beginning of the next chapter. Whosoever therefore would be a friend of the world maketh himself an enemy of God. His word will judge men "at the last day" (John 12:48); God has commissioned Jesus Christ to "execute judgment" (John 5:37). They who thank God for their unholiness had best go ring the bells for joy that they shall never see God.". Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Whosoever - will be a friend of the world -, Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain, Let your laughter be turned to mourning -, Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord -, Thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge -, And continue there a year, and buy and sell -, Επι δειπνον, οιμαι, κληθεις ὑπο τινος των φιλων ες την ὑστεραιαν, μαλιστα ἡξω, εφη· και μεταξυ λεγοντος, απο του τεγους κεραμις επιπεσουσα, ουκ οιδ, ὁτου κινησαντος, απεκτεινεν αυτον· εγελασα ουν, ουκ επιτελεσαντος την ὑποσχεσιν, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. (1-10) Exhortations to undertake no affairs of life, without constant regard to the will and providence of God. And get gain ... Of course, buyers for our products will be plentiful; they will have the money; they will wish to purchase our goods, at a prince substantially higher than we paid; the profits will roll in! It is talking about a Christian who tolerates sin, and continues to tolerate sin, and slowly wanders from Christ until they are completely denying the faith. 1. Submit - to God - Continue to bow to all his decisions, and to all his dispensations. wars, &c.--contrasted with the "peace" of heavenly wisdom. "The priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law" (Hebrews 7:12). Worldly good is your god; ye leave no stone unturned in order to get it; and as ye ask nothing from God but to consume it upon your evil desires and propensities, your prayers are not heard. God resists the proud, James 4:6. Purify your hearts - Separate yourselves from the world, and consecrate yourselves to God: this is the true notion of sanctification. See at the end of this chapter, ( James 4:17; (note)). [1] Ronald A. Ambition & Your Work. He speaks here of their laughter and their joy; and all the terms taken together show that a dissolute life is intended. Christ himself made his teachings to be the "rock" upon which alone the builder could safely build (Matthew 7:24-27). 14:18. Don’t they come from your desires that battle within you? [4] R. C. H. Lenski, The Interpretation of ... the Epistle of James (Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1938), p. 623. He who is guilty of these, and allows himself in these vices, in effect judges and condemns the law; i.e. "A man was invited by one of his friends to come the next day to supper. He shall lift you up - Mourners and penitents lay on the ground, and rolled themselves in the dust. The attraction for each other of bodies in space is inversely proportional to the square of the distances separating them; and there is a movement of both toward each other when that distance is reduced. [7] R. V. G. Tasker, The General Epistles of James (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. Do not speak evil of one another, brethren. James 4 - Submit Yourself to God. J ames is a book that many of us know random verses from, yet we tend to not really know the book that well. I therefore laughed at him for not fulfilling his engagement." There are certain types of judgments that Christians must make; but the kind of judging forbidden by the Lord is the uncharitable pronouncement of harsh and uncomplimentary allegations against fellow creatures. [] 2 You desire and do not have, so you murderYou covet and cannot obtain, so you fight and quarrel. James 1:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 1:4, NIV: "Let perseverance finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything." [22] McNab, as quoted by A. F. Harper, op. Next. Name * Matthew 5-7). 102-117. Warning Against Worldliness. submit to God. Most critics think that the law mentioned here is the same as that which he elsewhere calls the royal law and the law of liberty, thereby meaning the Gospel; and that Christ is the person who is called the lawgiver and judge. Psalm 1 – A Few of My Favorite Things – Planted by the Word. "[13] James followed here the exact usage of the term that marked our Lord's teaching (John 15:18,19). (Hiebert) i. The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 4 The Greeting (1:1) The book is addressed to Jewish believers scattered by persecution. You fight and war. 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