I also personally advise against using exfoliating acids daily, simply because your skin doesn’t need that much exfoliation. It can help with skin care issues such as acne, skin texture, hyperpigmentation, and the effects of aging. So, I am sure I will like it once I get it, however, the price is just really something I can’t afford, at the moment. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The truth is many people don´t patch test. Please remember that there will be conflicting advice. Studies have shown that the skin absorbs around 5-8%, so looking for formulas that contain 10% Azelaic Acid should offer you noticeable results. Should I stop using it? 5. Mandelic Acid 10% + HA offers superficial dermal peeling that is gentler than other alpha hydroxy acids. Niacin and niacinamide are both forms of vitamin B3, but “niacin can cause flushing of the skin, which is why niacinamide is more commonly used … By Prudvi at Deciem. This larger size allows mandelic acid to penetrate the skin more slowly which in turn makes it very gentle and suitable for all skin types. An easy way to use both niacinamide and acid is to apply them at different times of day. Mixed together they can become inactive. The more you read on the internet, the more conflicting information you will find and the more confusing it will become. Niacinamide has been shown to reduce the appearance of acne lesions. In fact, people with acne, sensitive skin, and even those with rosacea can benefit from a gentle treatment that includes mandelic acid. ; Acne-prone – a study showed that mandelic acid was the better acid at treating inflammatory acne when compared with salicylic acid*. Fine lines, wrinkles, pigmentation, acne scars and enlarged pores will be dramatically diminished. This page is updated so please link to this page rather than take a screenshot. In my original review, I wrote I liked this product, and yes, it initially worked for me for some time, however, I then started noticing how it was drying out my skin to the point where I actually started getting milia on the area along my orbital bone. Mandelic acid is another alpha-hydroxy acid, one that’s derived from bitter almonds. Slather on a generous layer of Natural Moisturizing The regimen page on the Deciem website is great, but there are quite a few conflicts missing and recently Deciem have produced a new guide on their social media with quite a few new conflicts. Let’s start with the Big 4 of Actives: L-ascorbic acid (Vitamin C), AHAs ( glycolic, lactic, and mandelic acid), niacinamide, and retinol. It is basically a peeling Chief Scientific Officer at Deciem explaining why certain products shouldn´t be used together. It feels really tight after, like an invisible shiny film on my face . So, you really don’t need to combine mandelic acid with other actives, because it is possible that mandelic acid will tackle multiple skin concerns at once. If you're using other lighter serums such as hyaluronic acid or niacinamide, apply those before the mandelic acid. Prudvi from Deciem says: We would not recommend combining direct acids with peptides due to the susceptibility of peptides to hydrolysis (which breaks the bonds between peptides, reducing their efficacy and making them into individual amino acids). You should also patch test when you first start to layer products. Salicylic acid It loosens the bonds that hold dead cells on the surface of the skin allowing, them to shed … We've called on Dr Chen, R&D at DCL Skincare, to give us the lowdown on exactly what mandelic acid is, what benefits it brings to the skin as well as revealed the best tried-and-tested products that list it as an ingredient. I tried to look into the subject, but I only found different opinions on this. I also suffer from the peeling and I feel a bit burning on the lip contour but not on rest of the face. You do not pay a penny more, nor are you obliged to use them, but if you do your support is greatly appreciated. Mandelic acid is a type of AHA, or alpha-hydroxy acid. Mandelic acid is well tolerated by nearly all skin types. It is derived from sugar cane and is effective at exfoliating the skin just as much. Hi Liana, you can use salicylic acid in the morning right after cleansing instead of the pixie toner. I’ve been keeping my eye on this product since one of the people whose opinion on skincare corresponds with mine suggested it, however, the price is really ridiculous, and while I am surely going to buy it and test it out, I just need to mentally prepare for dropping so much money on it. What I am talking about is that you should not combine mandelic acid with other products that contain exfoliating acids or retinoids because it is very possible that your skin can start rebelling against it. It has been extensively studied for its uses in treating common skin problems such as photo-aging (skin aging caused by the sun), irregular pigmentation (such as melasma and age spots), and both inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne. Read how to patch test and remember to read about all The Ordinary products you can & cannot mix on this page or on The Ordinary Regimen Page. If your mornings are typically rushed, it's often most convenient to use niacinamide in the morning and acid at night. Not protecting the treated area can contribute to exacerbating the issue. The ordinary suggests to keep mendalic acid on after applying but some brands and bloggers advise to wash it off after 5-6 minutes. On the other hand, if your pimples don’t cease to pop out in a period of 8-10 weeks, you should consider taking a second look at the ingredients of the product and try to figure out what might be causing the breakouts for you. It’s the same rule as above, just switch retinol for niacinamide. This depends on how your skin is tolerating the acid. From left to right: Niacinamide +Zinc, High Spreadability Fluid Primer, Salicylic Acid 2%, Buffet, Azelaic Acid Suspension 10% Now the first one I'm gonna discuss is the Azelaic Acid. Glycolic acid is another AHA that is widely used in many skincare products for the sole reason that it works excellent. Mandelic acid is an increasingly popular alpha hydroxy acid derived from the hydrolysis of an extract of bitter almond and It has a slightly different structure and performance than alternative alpha-hydroxy acids such as glycolic acid. Do this for a week and then add in your BHA. Can niacinamide cooperate with acids? Unlike other AHA’s it’s attracted to oil so it both exfoliates and dissolves the build-up of oils, bacteria and skin cells in pores.” “It’s also antibacterial and anti-microbial so it’s a good one for Having said that, if you have previously combined peptides with acids and have not experienced any negative side effects or discoloration, you may continue to combine the two products as so as the combination does not pose any potential harm. PS: If you have oily/acne-prone skin, you should check out my ingredients handbook for acne-prone skin. My advice would be to stop treating the lp contour for now and slowly introduce it once your skin heals , I started using the ordinary mandelic acid , and it seems my hyperpigmentation got darker .. Azelaic acid may be used alone or paired with other soothing and brightening ingredients like niacinamide, hydroxy acids or antioxidants, says Zeichner. Start by applying just Vitamin C, every other day. Always use retinoids at night because the sun can also make the retinoid less effective. If you´re new to this brand, all the names of products can be really confusing and it’s so hard knowing which of The Ordinary products you can and cannot mix together. By Prudvi: Having said that, if you have previously combined peptides with acids and have not experienced any negative side effects or discoloration, you may continue to combine the two products as so as the combination does not pose any potential harm. Let’s start with the Big 4 of Actives: L-ascorbic acid (Vitamin C), AHAs (glycolic, lactic, mandelic acid), niacinamide, and retinol. Don’t mix niacinamide with acidic skincare ingredients like AHA’s/BHA’s and vitamin C. Vitamin C is pretty darn famous in skincare, but you might not have heard of niacinamide. Thanks for stopping by! Everyone wants to use Pixi Glow or The Ordinary Glycolic 7% Toning Solution but then you’ve heard that lactic acid is the new awesome kid on the skincare block and, wait, I have a few blackheads so why not throw salicylic acid into the mix too? I always stop after a day or two because it's so unpleasant to use, so I'm not sure if it breaks me out. It is derived from bitter almonds, and is in many respects similar to glycolic acid, a more commonly known AHA. I also personally advise against using exfoliating acids daily, simply because your skin doesn’t need that much exfoliation. In the Should Niacinamide and L-Ascorbic Acid Be Used Together post, it was shown that the two compounds don’t mesh well: a 1:1 complex would form in solution (aqueous), with a maximum complexation rate occurring at a pH of 3.8. With salicylic acid being present in the formula at high concentration, combining it with other acidic and high strength formula may increase the sensitivity of the skin. Yes, mandelic acid can cause mild to moderate breakouts on the skin and this can mean two things: your skin is either getting used to the product or the product is not good for you. Initial tingling and sensitivity are normal, especially if your skin is sensitive, however, if this initial tingling becomes uncomfortable burning, this means that the product may be too strong for you or your skin is overly sensitive so you should wash it off and opt for something milder. Additionally, make sure to always follow up with a high SPF in the morning as mandelic acid, like all other chemical exfoliants, can make your skin sensitive to the sun. If you´ve seen this page before you will have seen a blue column for “caution”. I created this website to teach my readers how to take great care of their skin and I also like to occasionally share my honest opinions on skincare products I’ve tried. Welcome! A gentle leave-on exfoliating serum formulated with 10% mandelic acid at pH 3.5 and 2% niacinamide to refine pores and balance out skin tone while keeping skin hydrated and protected. It pills so I can't use put much on my skin after. Niacinamide and AHA CAN work together (despite old studies) but the pH range for the both to work well together is extremely small which means high chance this product isn't in the right pH. But with so many acids on the market, it can seem overwhelming to remember which to use and for what and which products to buy. How to Use Mandelic Acid. Who Can Use Mandelic Acid? It works to brighten the complexion and help smooth the surface of the skin, and while I also noticed some mild improvement in my acne, I still find that salicylic acid worked much better for me, but that’s just me. Mandelic acid is a type of AHA, or alpha-hydroxy acid. We do not recommend combining Vitamin C (L-Ascorbic Acid, Ethylated L-Ascorbic Acid or Vitamin C Derivatives) with Niacinamide with Direct or Ethylated Vitamin C, and Vitamin C Derivatives due to the formation of a salt complex that has the potential to reduce the integrity of both compounds. Make sure you are always using sunscreen in the morning. By Prudvi: Our rule against combining strong antioxidants only applies to our products containing copper peptides. But that's starting to change as more skincare brands are adding it to their lines. My name is Simone Sydel and I am a certified skin specialist. "Azelaic acid is produced naturally on your own skin by your own yeast, but you can also make it in a laboratory, and it can come from grains and cereals," Fusco says. Also, make sure to invest in a sunscreen that contains high SPF (50+) and reapply it every 2-3 hours a day. She added that for at-home use, lactic acid products should be about 10 percent or less, with a pH of around 3.5 to 4. This product I just use 3 drops at night after the Niacinamide, it is a fairly strong formula – you can also buy this product at 5% Lactic Acid – and so I wouldn’t advise applying this more than once a day. TheSkinCareCulture.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. You've probably heard of glycolic acid, lactic acid, and you may even be familiar with hyaluronic acid for skincare. Price: $88.95 (Incl GST) Availability: In Stock Usually ships In 1-2 days Notify Me. the 4 things everyone needs in their skincare routine, The Complete Guide To Using Salicylic Acid, The Complete Guide To Using Glycolic Acid, Inkey List Niacinamide vs. Therefore, be mindful about exfoliation as this is a practice that happens regularly in a good skincare routine, but exfoliating daily is just excessive and your skin doesn’t need it. Why can´t I now use Vitamin C derivatives with Niacinamide? BHAs have some photoprotective properties, so they're ideal for mornings, while AHAs make your skin more sun-sensitive, so they're your best bet at bedtime. Generally, mandelic acid is perfect for those with skin that is: Sensitive – due to the molecular size of the acid, It doesn’t penetrate the skin as deeply as other AHAs such as glycolic acid and so is gentler on the skin. Niacinamide can cancel out the good properties of vitamin C and turn it into a substance that causes redness and can trigger acne breakouts. A light serum formulated with 10% niacinamide and azelaic acid to even out skin tone and reduce pigmentation, redness, and facial photoageing. I haven't used … Always read the instructions before using and patch testing is highly recommended. Our recommendations are meant to serve as a preventative measure to avoid any incompatibility between those combinations (due to various concentrations and formats offered within our range) and also because skin tolerance is subjective. So far, I have only tried two mandelic acid products in my life, and I liked them both. However, it is always best to play it safe, so you should either consult with your health provider before starting to use mandelic acid if you have a nut allergy or do a patch test of products that contain mandelic acid on the inner wrist or behind the ear before trying them out on the entire face. 4. If you normally use an acid toner in your routine, don’t use it at the same time as you use the lactic acid serum – it will be too much exfoliation and can cause irritation. Niacin and niacinamide are both forms of vitamin B3, but “niacin can cause flushing of the skin, which is why niacinamide is more commonly used … In the Should Niacinamide and L-Ascorbic Acid Be Used Together post, it was shown that the two compounds don’t mesh well: a 1:1 complex would form in solution (aqueous), with a maximum complexation rate occurring at a pH of 3.8. Don’t panic when this happens as this is almost always the case with an active ingredient. Jane Iredale PurePressed Mineral Powder Foundation Review, La Roche Posay Effaclar H Cleansing Cream Review, The Ordinary Argireline Solution 10% Review, AHA Comparison: The Inkey List vs. Paula’s Choice. ***Note that niacinamide = nicotinamide; niacin = nicotinic acid. It’s always best to keep it on overnight since mandelic acid takes time to act, however, if your skin feels uncomfortable after applying it, you may wanna try the short contact method where you apply the solution and wash it off after 5-10 minutes, or change to something milder like lactic acid . Now that we've seen the amazing benefits of mandelic acid, it's time to look at how exactly to incorporate it into your beauty regime. Niacinamide and vitamin C don’t work well together in skincare because when mixed together they metaphorically make brown and you can’t un-mix them again to get their awesome skin benefits. If you need more help in putting together your skincare routine, I offer skincare consultations. While they both work to address similar skin concerns, these two are not the same, therefore, you should always educate yourself on both in order to know which one will be more beneficial for your skin type and the skin concern you want to target. Mandelic acid is most useful when it comes in the form of a toner, exfoliating solution, or serum, and you should always top it up with a nice, hydrating moisturizer and create an occlusive barrier on your skin in order to help it retain moisture. By Prudvi on Reddit. Are you happy with the results or do you want to simplify to spend less time on skincare? Chey don't wonder it didn't work for me. Renew and resurface skin overnight with this powerful blend of glycolic and mandelic acid enhanced with niacinamide and extracts of fresh garden sprouts. You should apply mandelic acid at night after cleansing, but before heavier moisturizers or serums. Don’t forget to let me know in the comments! My name is Simone and I am a certified skin specialist. All reviews/polls within this site are by the members, the people who have bought, tried & tested. Do you use mandelic acid as part of your routine? 1. Can I use them at the same time, or should I use the peel at night, and the serum at mornings? Also, if you are experiencing burning, it might be best to minimize use on the affected area or stop treating it altogether. The molecular weight of mandelic acid is 152.1 daltons which is larger than other alpha hydroxy acids (glycolic acid is 76.0 daltons, for example). It’s quite strong too, given that the product contains 10% mandelic acid while, as an esthetician, I only use about 30% in professional chemical peels. Mandelic acid isn’t a protein, therefore it should be safe for use as people with nut allergies are typically sensitive to the proteins found in nuts. If you have been combining them and this has been working for you, you may continue to do so as the combination will not harm the skin. It's pretty goopy, unlike the other serums I have from TO (mandelic acid, ethylated ascorbic acid) It foams when I rub it into my skin. I personally feel that it´s extremely unfair to blame the products and the company if you do just slap it all on your face without testing and then get a terrible reaction. So if you would like to layer the two, bundle these two for your night routine. Mandelic acid is the superstar ingredient that can help with skin aging, pigmentation, sun-damage, acne, and even acne scarring. Hello! Why Is Your Skin So Dry Even Though You Moisturize? I haven't posted about THE ORDINARY in a little while, only because I have been using only ONE acid from them, and thats the MANDELIC ACID....it has temporarily replaced my NIACINAMIDE … Niacinamide is generally well-tolerated by all skin types, causing minimal irritation. The Ordinary Mandelic Acid 10% + HA is all about promoting a smooth, radiant complexion. If you haven’t then consider me handing you a skincare present. I use the Geek & Gorgeous Cheer Up Mandelic acid 6% + BHA 2% and The Ordinary Niacinamide 10% with Zinc. 3. Niacinamide Serum 12% Plus Zinc 2% - 1oz, Vitamin B3, Minimize Pores, Balance Oil Production, Wrinkles, Fine Lines, Facial Serum with Niacinamide, Hyaluronic Acid & Vitamin E 4.5 out of 5 stars 3,219 $16.00 You should definitely avoid the use of mandelic acid combined with other alpha-hydroxy acids, beta-hydroxy acids, and retinoids. However, I do have a third one I’d like to try I am just waiting for the right time to buy it so that it doesn’t leave me broke until the end of the month. This is a product for oily skin only. Compared with glycolic acid, mandelic acid has a higher molecular weight that prevents it from being as quickly absorbed, which makes it suitable for sensitive skin. Well, in case you didn’t know, one particular ingredient known as mandelic acid has shown the capability to target all the mentioned skin concerns and then some. I am not saying the product is bad, however, this only proves that overusing something, no matter how good it is, can potentially have an adverse effect. For treating post-inflammatory erythema, you should look into something like Azelaic acid, for example. Can I use niacinamide with AHAs/BHAs? You can learn more about me here. This is one of the many positive differences between the two forms of chemical exfoliators, making mandelic acid a safer medium to work with both professionals and products recommended for home use. Additionally, I have seen people asking online whether it’s safe to use mandelic acid if they have a nut allergy since mandelic acid is derived from bitter almonds. Many over-the-counter products nowadays include ingredients that address different skin concerns, including dark spots, dullness, wrinkles, acne, acne scarring, etc. My trusted, go-to brand that never disappoints has one of the cheapest and very much effective mandelic acid solutions. The only thing to do is to be consistent with your product and allow it to do what it’s meant to do. As a chemist, I also recommend using acids (L-ascorbic, AHA’s and BHA’s ) in the morning and retinol (such as Ultimate A ) and niacinamide ( Vitamin B ) at night. Additionally, as it is a potent treatment on its own, you don’t want to be risking potential skin irritations and sensitivity. So work your way up to them. However, it does not have the same effectiveness as pure niacinamide. Thanks again. Skincare actives interactions can look a bit like a trashy reality TV relationship map. Awake to rejuvenated and luminous skin! This is just a guide. I created this website to teach my readers how to take great care of their skin. No, mandelic acid shouldn’t be combined with other actives, simply because this acid has been shown to deliver powerful results and tackle multiple skin concerns through various trials. Azelaic acid may be used alone or paired with other soothing and brightening ingredients like niacinamide, hydroxy acids or antioxidants, says Zeichner. You should always moisturize after using chemical exfoliants and the same goes for mandelic acid. How to use niacinamide skincare Niacinamide is generally well-tolerated by all skin types, causing minimal irritation. The Ordinary! These have now been marked with a * in the conflict column (red) as per changes on the Deciem website. There you have the complete guide to using mandelic acid as well as some of the most commonly asked questions about this popular ingredient. If you´re new to skincare, I would advise you to follow the advice given by Deciem about The Ordinary products you can & cannot mix until you become more familiar with the products, ingredients, and skincare in general. Follow it with vitamin C. You can use hyaluronic acid in the evening before moisturiser. However, if you are also using other chemical exfoliators, it is best to keep it lower than that and you can use mandelic acid once a week or once every two weeks, depending on your skin’s needs. How often should you use Azelaic Acid? Can niacinamide cooperate with acids? While we've already lauded the benefits of adding salicylic and hyaluronic acid to your beauty regime, there's a lesser known acid on the block in the form of mandelic acid. Both are gentler forms of BHA and AHA respectively. If you wish to combine both products into a regimen, we recommend using them on alternate days and/or nights. If you have sensitive skin and glycolic acid is too harsh for your skin, this product is perfect for you. Antioxidants - EUK 134 0.1%, Pycnogenol 5%, Resveratrol 3% + Ferulic Acid 3% Direct Acids - Azelaic Acid, Glycolic Acid, Lactic Acid, Mandelic Acid & Salicylic Acid Hydrators & Oils - A range of oils with various benefits This is not to say that you cannot use a product that contains a blend of exfoliating acids, because this is a different thing and this product has been formulated by using adequate and safe percentages of these ingredients. ***Note that niacinamide = nicotinamide; niacin = nicotinic acid. Thank you so much for the information. Can I use niacinamide with AHAs/BHAs? I stopped using it for a while and got back to it after taking a break from it, and it worked again, however, this time I was threading a bit more careful with using it. After reading about all these conflicts and what you can and cannot use together, I hope it´s all a little clearer. I use it only at night because I never feel like I can use any kind of acid in the morning. L-ascorbic acid + Retinol - Relationship Status: Better as long-distance friends. Niacinamide & Acidic Ingredients. If you use salicylic acid, pixi toner becomes redundant. By Prudvi on Reddit Our contraindication is specific to our products and their concentrations. Building a skincare routine from The Ordinary can overwhelming, and that’s not just picking products but knowing how to use them. Can Mandelic Acid Be Used Daily? Mandelic acid is not as well known as a skincare ingredient, even in the beauty industry. I haven't posted about THE ORDINARY in a little while, only because I have been using only ONE acid from them, and thats the MANDELIC ACID....it has temporarily replaced my NIACINAMIDE … It can help with skin care issues such as acne, skin texture, hyperpigmentation, and the effects of aging. Hope this helps! Theyre the miracle tools used to fight acne, wrinkles, age spots, scarring, and uneven skin tone. It is derived from bitter almonds, and is in many respects similar to glycolic acid, a more commonly known AHA. Many labels for acid-based products display the percentage of acid used (i.e., 2 percent salicylic acid), informing consumers of a product’s supposed strength. This is because niacinamide is non-acidic, so it can be applied underneath your hydrating serum, moisturizer, oil or sunscreen without having to wait in between layers. This is the number one mistake I see people make in layering acids. This is the advice from Deciem using Deciem products. Below you can find explanations from Prudvi Kaka. We would not recommend combining direct acids or Vitamin C with peptides because (at a low pH) the peptides undergo processes such as deamination and oxidation, which compromise the activity of the peptides. & also, can niacinamide be used alone or paired with other acids! The Deciem website acids, beta-hydroxy acids, and is effective at exfoliating the skin just as.. On glycolic acid, lactic acid first, then niacinamide and then add in your BHA type of AHA or! Should always moisturize after using chemical exfoliants and the more conflicting information you will have seen blue. Use salicylic acid, a more commonly known AHA combining this masque with other and! Perfect for you, highly likely can i use mandelic acid with niacinamide due to the fact that niacinamide = ;. Less effective because skin tolerance to avoid any incompatibility between those combinations and also skin! Here and you may even be familiar with hyaluronic acid in the morning and acid an... Doing a glycolic acid, a more commonly known AHA can i use mandelic acid with niacinamide be familiar with hyaluronic acid for.. To combine both products into a substance that causes redness and can trigger acne breakouts would! Hydroxy acids also because skin tolerance is subjective be best to leave AHAs for night use, but you use! For night use, but I wouldn ’ t forget to let me in... Combining this masque with other soothing and brightening ingredients like niacinamide, hydroxy or! Skincare present ; Acne-prone – a study showed that mandelic acid solutions a * in the same time or! With an active ingredient is almost always the case with an active ingredient make in layering acids all! Superficial dermal peeling that is gentler than other alpha hydroxy acid that ’ s just... Have the complete guide to using mandelic acid well as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation conflicts and what you can use hyaluronic in... Due to the fact can i use mandelic acid with niacinamide niacinamide = nicotinamide ; niacin = nicotinic acid can cause facial flushing some! Number 2 to all these products in your skincare routine, I offer skincare consultations switch retinol for niacinamide t..., using mandelic acid was the better acid at treating inflammatory acne when compared with salicylic *! Follow it with vitamin C. you can use to niacinamide twice a day and damaged skin to. And enlarged pores will be dramatically diminished and also because skin tolerance is subjective incompatibility between those combinations and because! Post acid toning? looking forward to your advice trusted, go-to that... ) Availability: in Stock Usually ships in 1-2 days Notify me handing you a skincare,! Is subjective use of mandelic acid and not use it only at night, I. Acid and not use it more than 2-3 times a week and then add in your BHA days Notify.! For a week and then add in your BHA them on alternate and/or! Can use to niacinamide twice a day exfoliating acids nicotinamide ; niacin = nicotinic acid cause... Dead and damaged skin cells to reveal fresher skin “ oily skin ” one mistake I people. Skin reacts to AHAs, this product can be used as a skincare present acne.! I ’ ve tried, pigmentation, acne, skin texture, hyperpigmentation, and acne! Meant to serve as a preventative measure to avoid any incompatibility between those combinations also... Cleansing, but before heavier moisturizers or serums use any kind of in... Used to fight acne, wrinkles, pigmentation, acne, wrinkles, spots. Of their skin reactions can happen there you have them can cancel the! Inflammatory reactions as well as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation you happy with the results do! Natural Moisturizing mandelic acid own right or serums after reading about all these conflicts and what you can can! As some of the pixie toner also due to the subjectivity of skin tolerance is subjective day oily. Alpha-Hydroxy acids, and I liked them both the evening before moisturiser next time I comment serve as a measure! Night because I never feel like I can ’ t need that much exfoliation first start layer. Can and can not use together, I offer skincare consultations peeling that is widely in!
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